Sometimes a little bit of detective work can help us build a bigger picture of the animals that surround us on our walks.
Here are a few signs that wildlife is not too far away.
Most of us won’t have ever seen a mole but signs of this curious creature can been see across Britain Getty
Become an animal tracker with our guide to spotting signs on wildlife in the British countryside.
short-eared owl (Asio flammeus), cast with feather Alamy
Dropped by barn owls, these are commonly found on the floors of old barns. The birds regurgitate indigestible rodent fur and bone. Soak in water to unravel the pellet’s mysteries.
Hazelnuts on woodland floor Alamy
Voles, mice and dormice all nibble holes in hazelnuts. A dormouse’s toothmarks run around the rim of the hole. Mice and voles leave vertical toothmarks in the hole’s rim.
Animal footprint in the mud Alamy
Riverbanks, damp paths and beaches are the perfect canvas for animal hoof, paw and footprints. Learn how to identify animal tracks in the British countryside with our handy wildlife guide.
Fur on the wire
Animal fur on a fence Alamy
Barbed wire snags the fur or wool of passing animals. You’ll most often see sheep fleece but look out also for the coarse dark hairs of badgers and brown/red hairs of foxes and rabbits.
Molehills in grass Getty
Molehills are easy to spot – they are the waste earth from the mole’s tunnel digging. However, a field of molehills may be the work of a single mole. It can dig 20m of tunnel a day.
Woodpecker nest hole
Woodpecker drilling a hole in tree Alamy
Great-spotted woodpeckers drill their circular nest holes in live or dead trees. Studies have found the holes usually face north-east, especially in dead trees.
Thrush eating a snail Alamy
Ever spotted broken snail shells scattered around a large stone? This is a song thrush’s work. The bird uses the stone to smash the hard shell so it can eat the snail’s soft body.
Stripped pine cones
Scots pine cone partially eaten by a red squirrel Alamy
Both red and grey squirrels nibble pine cones to leave a ‘core’. Find out more signs that animals have been feeding here.
Badger track in the grass Getty
Badger clans have regular foraging paths in their territories, often making a distinctive line across fields, as well as under hedges and barbed wire.