A guide to Buckinghamshire: What to do and where to stay

Enjoy fine dining, outdoor pursuits and rich heritage on an exploration of Buckinghamshire

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Buckinghamshire is famous for its beautiful footpaths and landed estates.

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The county’s numerous hotels and inns are complimented by historical sites and engaging activities, sure to provide entertainment for the entire family. 

Did you know? 

Buckinghamshire is home 16th-century Chequers, a country retreat for the serving Prime Minister of Britain since 1921. Listed as a Grade I property on the National Heritage List for England and used a hospital during the First World War, this beautiful residence was also once used as a prison for Lady Jane Grey’s younger sister and has links to the Cromwell family. Chequers can be found within Ellesborough, nestled at the foot of the Chiltern Hills.

Chequers, Ellesborough, Buckinghamshire, 1924-1926. Originally built in the 16th century, Chequers is the country home of the British Prime Minister. A print from Hutchinson's Britain Beautiful, edited by Walter Hutchinson, volume I, 1924-1926. (Photo by The Print Collector/Print Collector/Getty Images)
The Prime Minister’s 16th century country retreat, Chequers, by Herbert Felton © Getty 

High Wycombe, the largest town in Buckinghamshire, is the only town in the world to weigh its Mayors. It does this to see if they have gained any weight at the taxpayer’s expense.

Every year on Shrove Tuesday the ladies of Olney compete in the world-famous Pancake Race, a tradition that dates back to 1445.

High Wycombe was also the location of Sir Francis Dashwood’s notoriously exclusive and debauched ‘Hellfire Club’ meetings. Dashwood installed suitable statuary in the grounds of Medmenham Abbey and excavated caves to shield his group’s activities from the public gaze.

At various points in history, Buckinghamshire has been home to a number of notorious authors and poets. Some of these include:

  •  Percy and Mary Shelley, T. S Eliot and Jerome K. Jerome who at one point each lived in Marlow.
  • John Milton who once lived in Chalfont St Giles and whose cottage can still be visited.
  • Road Dahl who lived in Great Missendon and who included numerous features and characteristics of the surrounding area in his works.
  • Enid Blyton who once lived in Beaconsfield.
Colin Clive, as Dr. Frankenstein, and Dwight Frye, as his assistant Fritz, prepare to bring their monster to life in a scene from the 1931 movie version of Mary Shelley's Frankenstein.
Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley’s Dr. Frankenstein ‘bringing the monster to life’ © Getty
What’s on?

From collector’s exhibitions and historical re-enactments to wildlife observation and musical and theatrical performances, Buckinghamshire offers a wealth of activities and destinations to please the whole family. 

  • The Bucks County Show will be held on Thursday 30 August 2018 just outside the village of Weedon, Buckinghamshire’s 2016 winner of ‘Best Kept Village of the Year.’
  • Chalfont St Giles will host the Classic Vehicles Show between 21-22 July 2018 at the Chiltern Open Air Museum, whose collection of historic tractors and wagons was once used for the filming of British TV Drama, Downton Abbey.
  • A Best of British Luncheon will be served at Hartwell House on July 31 2018. Hartwell is the one-time home of King Louis XVII who resided there between 1809 and 1814 during his exile.

Visit www.visitbuckinghamshire.org/events for an extensive list of additional upcoming events. 

Bridge in mist. Stowe Landscape garden, Buckinghamshire. (Photo by Arcaid/UIG via Getty Images)
A mist covered bridge in Stowe Landscape Gardens © Getty 
Explore market towns

Beaconsfield

Along Beaconsfields main street one can enjoy the sight of stunning Victorian buildings that date back to between the 16th and 18th century. With attractive coaching inns, wide, spacious streets and a flint and Bath stone parish church – which still possesses a 15th-century tower crowned with intricate pinnacles – Beaconsfield is a town rich in both beauty and history.

Buckingham

Located in the rural north of Buckinghamshire, Buckingham is home to an array of beautiful Georgian buildings and an impressive Old Gaol, which dominates the town’s centre. The roads are lined with trees, the River Ouse winds its way through the centre and there are plenty of green spaces to explore. Buckingham additionally has numerous places to eat, markets on both Tuesdays and Saturdays and a variety of wonderful specialist shops.

Selling fresh fruit & vegetables outside the Old Gaol in Buckingham Buckinghamshire England UK (Photo by: myLoupe/Universal Images Group via Getty Images)
A fruit stall during market day outside Buckingham’s Old Gaol © Getty 
Attractions

The Chiltern Hills

With a variety of exceptional walks and trails to follow through the surrounding area, the Chiltern Hills – designated as an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty – have something to offer any outdoor enthusiast seeking fresh air and fun. Autumn is a great time to visit as the beach forests turn amber and gold.

Bletchley Park

Home of the Second World War’s code breaking and the birthplace of modern information technology, Bletchley Park is a treasured site of historical significance. The park is the perfect place to learn more about the role of cryptography, technological innovation, secret intelligence and Allied collaboration during World War Two, as well as to understand how these still matter today in a society undergoing profound technological changes.

UNITED KINGDOM - OCTOBER 23:  Colossus was the world's first electronic programmable computer at Bletchley Park in Buckinghamshire. Bletchley Park was the British forces' intelligence centre during WWII, and is where cryptographers deciphered top-secret military communiques between Hitler and his armed forces. The communiques were encrypted in the Lorenz code which the Germans considered unbreakable, but the codebreakers at Bletchley cracked the code with the help of Colossus, and so aided the Allies' victory. The women seen here belonged to the Women's Royal Naval Service, (WRNS) and were nicknamed ?Wrens?.  (Photo by SSPL/Getty Images)
‘Wrens’ operating the Colossus computer at Bletchley Park, 1943 © Getty 

Stowe House and Landscape Gardens

In the 18th century, the powerful Temple-Grenville family landscaped their own personal Eden. Filled with temples and monuments of varying grandeur, the gardens and main house once offered visitors a chance to explore an ancient world of classical mythology and design. Nowadays, the main Manor is home to Stowe school and the surrounding landscape gardens are said to be one of the most remarkable legacies of Georgian England. Visit www.nationaltrust.org.uk/stowe to see how you can spend a day exploring Stowe.

The Palladian Bridge in the landscaped garden of Stowe House. About 2000. (Photo by Imagno/Getty Images) .
The Palladian Bridge in Stowe Landscape Gardens © Getty 

The Rothschilds’ Buckinghamshire estates

Buckinghamshire is home to many of the Rothschilds’ gorgeous country homes. Of particular note are Ascott House, Champneys and Waddesdon Manor. The first is a half-timbered house originating from 1606 and contains a wealth of impressive collections. As Britain’s original health spa, the second boasts 170 acres of idyllic countryside and a variety of traditional and innovative spa treatments. Finally, built in the style of a Neo-Renaissance French chateau, Waddesdon Manor is still home to Baron Ferdinand de Rothschild’s superb collection and an exotic aviary.

Exterior of Waddesdon Manor, a country house in the village of Waddesdon. Built in the Neo-Renaissance style of a French chateau for the Rothschild Family. Dated 21st Century. (Photo by: Universal History Archive/UIG via Getty Images)
The exterior of Waddesdon Manor © Getty

The Ridgeway National Trail

Running for 87 miles between Overton Hill in Wiltshire and Ivinghoe Beacon in Buckinghamshire, the Ridgeway National Trail passes through open downs, secluded valleys and along idyllic stretches river. The western section of the trail is generally recognised as England’s oldest road, a path that dates back to the Neolithic period and is studded with numerous features of archaeological interest. Upon reaching Ivinghoe Beacon, keep your eyes peeled for evidence of an existing Bronze Age presence. You will likely see the rise of remaining burial mounds scattered across the plains.

BUCKINGHAMSHIRE, UNITED KINGDOM - DECEMBER 28: The sun catching St Mary's church in Eddlesborough with fog surrounding the area, on December 28, 2016 in Buckinghamshire, England. 

A foggy and frosty start to the day. Photo taken looking across Aylesbury Vale from Dunstable Downs as the sun broke through. Picture Shows Ivinghoe Beacon and fog in the valley below just after sunrise.

PHOTOGRAPH BY Tony Margiocchi / Barcroft Images

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Looking down on Ivinghoe Beacon and across the Vale of Aylesbury during the mist of early morning © Getty
Wildlife and Nature

The Red Kite

Thanks to a successful reintroduction project that took place between 1989 and 1994, the Chilterns are now one of the best spots in the UK to see the red kite. Nearly driven to extinction by human persecution at the end of the 19th century, these fork-tailed birds of prey have since made an impressive comeback. They can frequently be seen soaring above the fields and hilltops and, due to their relatively weak claws, will tend to target smaller mammals or carrion for food.

Red kite. (Photo by: Prisma Bildagentur/UIG via Getty Images)
Red kites tend to pair for life, building large, untidy nests in the forks of trees © Getty

College Lake Nature Reserve

This thriving nature reserve is one of the Berks, Bucks & Oxen Wildlife Trust’s flagships nature reserves. Previously a chalk quarry, the wetlands and grasslands now boast a vast array of wildlife species that can be viewed from an eco-visitor and education centre or from one of the reserve’s many hides. With wetland birds – such as lapwings, redshanks, wigeons and teals – and some rarer insect life, such as the small blue buttery, College Lake is a haven for wildlife and widely regarded as one of the best places in the county for viewing water birds. Please click here to see what’s on at College Lake over the coming months.

A small blue butterfly at Martin Down in Hampshire, Martin Down, England. (Photo by: Loop Images/UIG via Getty Images)
The small blue butterfly is rare but can be found on sheltered, warm grassland habitats © Getty

Linford Lakes Nature Reserve

Take your binoculars and camera and bed down in one of Linford Lakes Nature Reserves four hides to observe breathtaking views and wildlife. During the warmer months you are likely to see barn owls, cuckoos and common terns. In winter, you may be lucky enough to see bitterns, great white egrets and short eared owls. While in spring, the reserve’s thriving heronry offers wonderful views of nesting little egrets and herons. Foxes, deer and badgers sometimes also make an appearance. Foraging and cooking classes, bat walks and wild dying and felting activities run throughout the year.

Sumpfohreule Altvogel auf Ast sitzend vor blauem Himmel hersehend
Short Eared Owls will be seen quartering an area of suitable habitat, hunting on the wing and listening for signs of prey in the grass below © Getty

Coombe Hill

Coombe Hill was designated as a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) to protect its chalk grassland and acid heathland. There are over 30 species of wildflower and 28 species of butterfly, including small heaths, meadow browns, ringlets and common blues. With various walks in the area, it’s the perfect place to head out for a sunny stroll while keeping your eyes peeled for soaring birds of prey and scurrying mammals.

(GERMANY OUT) ringlet sitting on a leaf - butterfly (Aphantopus hyperanthus) (Photo by Cuveland/ullstein bild via Getty Images)
Adult Ringlet are known to continue to fly with their characteristic bobbing motion in cloudy conditions when most other butterflies remain inactive © Getty

Red Deer

Red deer are the largest of Britain’s native land mammals. They are prolific in Scotland and scattered elsewhere across East Anglia, South-West England and the Lake District. Were you to walk quietly through Buckinghamshire’s woodlands and meadows during the first few hours of early morning, you may well spot one here too. During rutting season, stags deliberately brush their antlers through vegetation in an attempt to snag debris and make themselves look larger.

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Roaring competitions and parallel walking allow Red Deer stags to size one another up during rutting season without exacting physical harm © Susie Webster @websterwilds 
Towns and Villages

Marlow

Marlow’s Georgian market town – lined with myriad beautiful boutique shops, cafes and historic streets – is set among the rich meadows of the Thame’s riverbanks and the rolling Chiltern Hills. Why not take a boat trip along the River Thame, enjoy fine dining at The Hand & Flowers, the only UK pub to have been awarded two Michelin stars, or explore the World War One training trenches found along Marlow Common. 

Cyclists cross Marlow Suspension Bridge (completed 1832, by architect Tierney Clark) over the Thames, Marlow, England, May 1944. The church in the background is the All Saints Parish (erected 1835). (Photo by Frank Scherschel/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images)
Cyclists crossing Marlow suspension bridge in 1944 © Getty 

Great Missenden

The Roald Dahl village trail is a great way to begin exploring Great Missenden, starting with a visit to Dahl’s grave and ending at the Roald Dahl Museum and Story centre. Take a break for refreshments at Café Twit or the 16th-century Cross Keys. Great Missenden offers numerous bike trails and walking routes, many of which follow Misbourne Stream and link back to the town through the Chiltern’s woodlands and farmlands.

British author Roald Dahl (1916 - 1990) reads to three of his children, from left, Tessa, Theo, and Ophelia, in the kitchen of his home, Great Missenden, Buckinghamshire, England, September 1965. Teh two women in the background are unidentified. (Photo by Leonard McCombe/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images)
Road Dahl reads to his children in the kitchen of his home in Great Missenden, 1965 © Getty 

Wendover

This lovely market town is home to various antique shops, the leading aviation art gallery, Aces High, and an excellent local produce market (taking place on the third Saturday of every month). With many destinations for afternoon tea and ‘Views of the Vale Walks’ taking you through ancient beech woods, carpets of bluebells and wildflower meadows, Wendover is a stunning location to explore during the warmer months.

Bluebell wood, Hyacinthoides non-scripta.(Photo by FlowerPhotos/UIG via Getty Images)
Sunlight filtering through an English bluebell wood © Getty

West Wycombe

In the beautiful village of West Wycombe, many of the buildings still possess their original facades. These date back to between the 16th and 18th centuries and are preserved by The National Trust. Adjacent to the village are the stunning neo-classical West Wycombe House and Park and West Wycombe Hill, the latter of which still possesses an Iron Age hill fort. Browse the traditional shops before taking a picnic to the top of West Wycombe Hill to enjoy the incredible views. 

circa 1930:  West Wycombe in Buckinghamshire  (Photo by Fox Photos/Getty Images)
A street in West Wycombe circa 1930 © Getty

Princes Risborough

Each September, Princes Risborough attracts over 400 historic vehicles for its ‘The Kop Hill Climb’ race, an enjoyable event for all the family. The town is home to many local shops, a street market on Thursdays and a larger farmers’ market on the third Thursday of every month. There are also plenty of opportunities to refresh yourself before venturing out on one of the surrounding walking routes and trails. Phoenix trail follows a line of disused railways and passes The Three Horseshoes at Towersey. This makes a great half-way point between Princes Risborough and the finish at Thame. 

Essex Motor Club Kop Hillclimb, Buckinghamshire, 1922. Place: Essex M.C. Kop Hillclimb. Date: 25.3.22. Artist Bill Brunell. (Photo by National Motor Museum/Heritage Images/Getty Images)
Spectators gather to watch vehicles compete in the Kop Hill Climb, 1922 © Getty
Activities

Walks and Tours

Venture out into the surrounding countryside and explore a variety of pathways and trails, or simply stroll through the landscaped gardens and parklands of one of the county’s fabulous estates. Find out more about Buckinghamshire’s walks and tours. 

DUNSTABLE, UNITED KINGDOM - APRIL 06: Walkers head out onto the downs on a sunny day on April 06, 2015 in Dunstable, England. 

PHOTOGRAPH BY Tony Margiocchi / Barcroft Media (Photo credit should read Tony Margiocchi / Barcroft Media via Getty Images)
Walkers heading along sunny hilltops © Getty

Boat Trips

From self-drive launches to rowing boats and traditional cruises, the River Thame and the Grand Union Canal offer many opportunities to explore Buckinghamshire from the water. Hobbs of Henley offer regular river trips and boat hire, along with themed cruises, such as ‘Comedy on the Water’ and ‘Sunday Lunch Jazz.’ Others options include The Little Boat Tripwhich offers passengers the chance to operate a lock. 

Canal narrow boat on the River Thames in Marlow Buckinghamshire England UK. (Photo by: Education Images/UIG via Getty Images)
A canal narrow boat on the River Thames in Marlow © Getty

Watersports

Enjoy a day of watery fun​​​​​​ with canoeing, wakeboarding, raft building or sailing. Engage Watersports in Taplow and Willen Lake in Milton Keynes offer an excellent range of activities for the whole family.

Kayak
Kayaking down the river in summer © Getty

Cycling and biking 

There are various cycling trails across the county, ranging from easy to hard. The Chiltern Hills make a stunning back drop for many, while others pass through attractive villages and farmland. Click here to explore the trails further.

Pub and Bicycle
A bicycle resting outside a traditional English public house © Getty 

Walking in Buckinghamshire

Aylesbury Ring, Ridgeway Path and the numerous other trails that pass through and around Buckinghamshire, walking in the county is a must. One of Buckinghamshire’s best walks wends through the countryside from Stone to Waddesdon Village, passing beautiful Eythrope Estate and Waddesdon Hill. For a more details on the 4.5-mile route, please click here.

Kingfisher
Kingfishers can sometimes be seen during this walk when crossing the River Thame © Getty  
Places to stay

Chiltern Yurt Retreat, Wendover

For a fun, romantic and comfortable retreat into nature, visit Chiltern Yurt Retreat. Here, there are a variety of lodges, yurts and cabins available, all of which are beautifully and rustically decorated. Nestled amid woodlands and meadows, you’ll be able to sit back and listen to the sound of hooting owls, watch roving deer and keep your eyes peeled for the flash of kingfishers and dragonflies. The accommodation is within walking distance of Wendover’s pubs and restaurants and offers easy access to the Chiltern Hills’ fabulous cycling and walking routes.

Hazel Tree Cabin
The seating area outside Hazel Tree Cabin, Chiltern Yurt Retreat © Chiltern Yurt Retreat

The Pointer, Brill

The Pointer resides atop the quintessentially British village of Brill. With astounding views, a mouth-watering gastro-pub, its own personal butcher and easy access to nearby shopping destinations such as Bicester village, The Pointer is the perfect destination for country walks, good meals and a little spot of retail therapy. Relax in front of a burning log fire before heading into the restaurant for a heavenly meal.

The Pointer
A Friday lunch classic at The Pointer; Home glazed collar bacon, crispy duck egg, chunky triple cooked chips and gribich sauce © The Pointer

Hartwell House and Spa, Vale of Aylesbury

Surrounded by 90 acres of stunning meadows, forests and gardens, Hartwell house is the epitome of a luxurious country retreat. Owned by The Natural Trust and bursting with antique treasures, Hartwell House offers wonderful dining, beautiful interiors and an extravagant spa and indoor swimming pool for those who are in need of a little pampering. Easily accessible from London, Hartwell House is minutes from Aylesbury Train Station. To explore the hotel further, please click here.

Hartwell House
An engraving of Hartwell House by William Henry Smyth which was published in London in 1851 © Getty
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